We will begin this lesson by giving chapter 72 of Psalm in metre.

                   THE PSALMS OF DAVID IN METRE

                             Chapter 72

Verse 1  "O God, thy judgments give the king, His royal Son thy
          righteousness: thy people he shall justly judge, thy poor
          With uprightness.
Verse 2  "The mountains great shall peace secure, And little hills by
          means of right; He'll save the needy, judge the poor, and
          crush the proud oppressor's might."
Verse 3  "Till sun and moon no more are known, They shall thee fear
          through ages all; He'll come like rain on meadows mown, And
          showers upon the earth that fall."
Verse 4  "The just shall flourish in his day, While lasts the moon
          shall peace extend; From sea to sea shall be his sway, And
          from the river to earth's end."
Verse 5  "To him shall bow who dwell in wilds, Down to the dust his
          foes shall bend; The Kings of Tarshish. and isles, Sheba and
          Seba, gifts shall send."
Verse 6  "All kings before him down shall fall; All nations shall
          his laws obey; He'll save the needy when they call, The
          poor, and those that have no stay."
Verse 7  "The poor and needy spared shall be, The needy's soul saved
          by his might, From fraud and violence set free; Dear shall
          their blood be in his sight."
Verse 8  "He'll live; before him shall be laid of Sheba's gold an
          offering; For him shall constant prayer be made, His praise
          they shall daily sing."
Verse 9  "On hill-tops sown a little corn Like Lebanon with fruit
          shall bend; New life the city shall adorn; She shall like
          grass grow and extend."
Verse 10 "Long as the sun his name shall last, It shall endure through
          ages all; And men shall still in him be blest, Blest all the
          nations shall him call."
Verse 11 "Now blessed be the mighty One, Jehovah, God of Israel, For
          he alone hath wonders done, And deeds in glory that excel."
Verse 12 "And blessed be his glorious name, Long as the ages shall
          endure. O'er all the earth extend his fame. Amen, amen,

     We will now begin the verse by verse study of chapter 72 of
Psalms. Psalms 72:1 "{ [A Psalm] for Solomon.} Give the king thy
judgments, O God, and thy righteousness unto the king's son."

     Some noted scholars believe that this Psalm was written by
Solomon. They also believe that the prayer was uttered by David.
Either way the thoughts are the thoughts of David, perhaps conveyed
successfully to his son. Solomon succeeded his father David as king.
At one time, just before David's death they were for all good purposes
both king. David was king in name only and Solomon was acting king.
In this we will see the physical son of David in Solomon, and the Son
of David spiritually who is the Lord Jesus Christ. This helps us to
understand fully the statement above {king's son}. From the spiritual
staindpoint we can see in this verse, the fact that Jesus was acting
King and yet his Father was King also. It did not diminish the power
and rule of Jesus for the Father to have dominion. Look with me at the
following Scriptures, which I believe explains how this is a little
better than I can. John 10:30 "I and [my] Father are one." John 17:11
"And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I
come to thee. Holy Father, keep through thine own name those whom thou
hast given me, that they may be one, as we [are]." I Corinthians 8:6
"But to us [there is but] one God, the Father, of whom [are] all
things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom [are] all
things, and we by him."  I John 5:7 "For there are three that bear
record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these
three are one."  David and Solomon were one in the fact that they were
in agreement. This prayer was David asking God for the relationship he
had with Him to be continued on in his son. Give your righteousness to
my son O Lord.

     Psalms 72:2 "He shall judge thy people with righteousness, and
thy poor with judgment."

     David felt that of all his sons, Solomon would do the best job.
He felt that Solomon had been taught well by himself and Solomon's
mother. We do know that Solomon's desire was to do a good job for God
ruling the people. Look with me at some Scriptures that verify this.
II Chronicles 1:9 "Now, O LORD God, let thy promise unto David my
father be established: for thou hast made me king over a people like
the dust of the earth in multitude." II Chronicles 1:10 "Give me now
wisdom and knowledge, that I may go out and come in before this
people: for who can judge this thy people, [that is so] great?"
II Chronicles 1:11 "And God said to Solomon, Because this was in thine
heart, and thou hast not asked riches, wealth, or honour, nor the life
of thine enemies, neither yet hast asked long life; but hast asked
wisdom and knowledge for thyself, that thou mayest judge my people,
over whom I have made thee king:"  II Chronicles 1:12 "Wisdom and
knowledge [is] granted unto thee; and I will give thee riches, and
wealth, and honour, such as none of the kings have had that [have
been] before thee, neither shall there any after thee have the like."
We know that Solomon started his reign with the blessings of God upon
him. His wisdom was a gift from God.

     Psalms 72:3 "The mountains shall bring peace to the people, and
the little hills, by righteousness."

     Solomon was a man of peace. No band of armies would come swarming
over the hills and destroy anymore. There were outposts to secure the
land, but the main reason there was no war was the king {Solomon} was
a man of peace. Rulers from all of the known world greatly admired the
wisdom of Solomon.

     Psalms 72:4 "He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save
the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor."
     Solomon was thoughtful of the needy, especially the widows and
orphans who could not help themselves. David had been a warrior king,
but Solomon would not allow the oppressors to get started. This
reminds us that the rule of the Lord Jesus Christ, will be a rule of
iron, but He will bring perfect peace, because He is King of Peace.
There will be no permanent peace, until the King of peace sets up His
reign on the earth.

     Psalms 72:5 "They shall fear thee as long as the sun and moon
endure, throughout all generations."

     Jesus' reign of peace upon the earth and in heaven is spoken of
here. It is not Solomon intended here, but the Lord Jesus Christ.
I Chronicles 16:25 "For great [is] the LORD, and greatly to be
praised: he also [is] to be feared above all gods."

     Psalms 72:6 "He shall come down like rain upon the mown grass: as
showers [that] water the earth."

     This again is speaking of the peaceful land when Jesus comes down
and rules on the earth.

     Psalms 72:7 "In his days shall the righteous flourish; and
abundance of peace so long as the moon endureth." Psalms 72:8 "He
shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river unto the
ends of the earth."

     When Solomon reigned, there were many of these things that
happened in the physical realm, but this is really speaking
prophetically of the reign of the Lord Jesus. Jesus, as King of kings
and Lord of lords. Jesus Christ is the only one who will ever rule the
whole earth.

     Psalms 72:9 "They that dwell in the wilderness shall bow before
him; and his enemies shall lick the dust."

     The dust of the earth was for the serpents seed. We know that
these wilderness dwellers had been furious fighters. When the King of
Peace arrives on the scene, there will be total submission to Him by
everyone, even the dwellers in the desert.  This King is the Lord

     Psalms 72:10 "The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring
presents: the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts."

     The mingling here again with what Solomon's reign was and what
the reign of the everlasting David who is Christ our Lord is evident.
Perhaps David was looking prophetically to the time when his
descendent Lord Jesus as King would reign, and all the world would
worship and adore Him. We do know that the queen of Sheba brought
gifts to Solomon, but this was not true of all the world. The isles
bringing presents have to do with Jesus.  Remember, Solomon is a type
of Christ, in that his reign was a reign of peace.

     Psalms 72:11 "Yea, all kings shall fall down before him: all
nations shall serve him."

     This is most assuredly speaking of the reign of the Lord Jesus
Christ. The key word is {all}. Revelation 11:15 "And the seventh angel
sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms
of this world are become [the kingdoms] of our Lord, and of his
Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever." Revelation 2:27 "And he
shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall
they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father."  The
reign of the Lord Jesus Christ as King of kings and Lord of lords
shall be absolute. All people and all nations shall fall down before
Him and worship Him. Philippians 2:10 "That at the name of Jesus every
knee should bow, of [things] in heaven, and [things] in earth, and
[things] under the earth;" Philippians 2:11 "And [that] every tongue
should confess that Jesus Christ [is] Lord, to the glory of God the
Father." These Scriptures leave absolutely no doubt who this is
speaking of.

     Psalms 72:12 "For he shall deliver the needy when he crieth; the
poor also, and [him] that hath no helper."  Psalms 72:13 "He shall
spare the poor and needy, and shall save the souls of the needy."

     We got into, in a previous lesson, how we must need and want God
before He will save us. He will not force Himself upon us. The poor
and the needy are more aware of their need for a Saviour. Look in
Jesus' own words what He came to the earth for. Luke 4:18 "The Spirit
of the Lord [is] upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the
gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to
preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the
blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,"

     Psalms 72:14 "He shall redeem their soul from deceit and
violence: and precious shall their blood be in his sight."

     The poor have always been the victim of deceit, and violence.
This is just saying that the Lord will be their champion and will free
them from all of this. For some strange reason, the poor receive the
Lord more readily than the wealthy highly educated. The common working
people were the people who followed the Lord.

     Psalms 72:15 "And he shall live, and to him shall be given of the
gold of Sheba: prayer also shall be made for him continually; [and]
daily shall he be praised."

     Jesus, does live forevermore. He is Alpha and Omega the Beginning
and the End. He is the Everlasting One. The Gold in all the world
belongs to Jesus. Just as He commanded the coin to be in the fish's
mouth to pay His taxes in the book of Matthew. We should pray
continually. All prayer should be to the Father in the name of Jesus.
Jesus told us in the following verse to pray in His name. John 14:14
"If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do [it]."  We should
never stop praising Jesus, for He has done marvellous things for us.

     Psalms 72:16 "There shall be an handful of corn in the earth upon
the top of the mountains; the fruit thereof shall shake like Lebanon:
and [they] of the city shall flourish like grass of the earth."

     Perhaps this is saying, that from the few disciples that Jesus
taught when He was with them here, the Christians as we know them
today have grown. He spoke of the Word of God as being a seed planted.
Some of the seed fell on good ground and produced as many as 100 from
1 seed. The city here is possibly speaking of the church. We do know
that there are literally millions of believers today, perhaps even

     Psalms 72:17 "His name shall endure for ever: his name shall be
continued as long as the sun: and [men] shall be blessed in him: all
nations shall call him blessed."

     This is definitely the Lord Jesus. His name has power to heal,
the power to save, the power to deliver, and the power to resurrect us
to everlasting life. He really is our all in all. As we have said so
many times, His name is above all other names. There will be a time
when all will know and praise His name. Hebrews 8:11 "And they shall
not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying,
Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest."

     Psalms 72:18 "Blessed [be] the LORD God, the God of Israel, who
only doeth wondrous things."

     The miracles that Jesus did and is doing are so numerous, if they
were written down there would not be enough books in all the world to
contain them. This is just a statement of praise and worship of the
One too magnificent to be able to describe. We call Him by 98 names or
more in the Scriptures, such as Creator, Mighty God, everlasting
Father, and on and on.

     Psalms 72:19 "And blessed [be] his glorious name for ever: and
let the whole earth be filled [with] his glory; Amen, and Amen."

     This in a sense is saying, Come quickly Lord Jesus. Amen means,
so be it. the most I can add to this is Amen.

     Psalms 72:20 "The prayers of David the son of Jesse are ended."

     We know this is the prayer and prophecy in prayer, of David. It
could possibly have been written down by his son Solomon.

                             Questions 71

1.  What do some of the noted scholars believe about this Psalm?
2.  At one time what two people were actually king together over these
3.  Who is this Psalm about in the physical sense?
4.  Who is it about in the spiritual sense?
5.  Quote John chapter 10 verse 30.
6.  Who does Jesus ask the Father to keep in verse 11 of John chapter
7.  Quote 1 John chapter 5 verse 7.
8.  How were David and Solomon one?
9.  Who was David's choice of sons to follow as king?
10. What did Solomon ask God to give Him?
11. Because Solomon did not ask for wealth, what did God give him?
12. Wisdom is a ____ from ___.
13. What is verse 3 of this lesson speaking of?
14. What was the difference in the reign of David and his son
    Solomon's reign?
15. What will the reign of the Lord Jesus be like?
16. Quote 1 Chronicles chapter 16 verse 25.
17. Where will the dominion of the Lord reach to?
18. Who is the only one who will ever rule over the whole earth?
19. Solomon was a type of Christ in that his reign was a reign of
20. What is the key word in verse 11?
21. Quote Philippians chapter 2 verse 10.
22. Quote Luke chapter 4 verse 18.
23. What are some of the names of Jesus that show His eternity?
24. What does John chapter 14 verse 14 tell us about prayer?
25. What is verse 16 tell us about the growth of the church?
26. What are some of the things the name of Jesus has the power to do?
27. How many miracles has Jesus done?
28. What are some of the names for Jesus in the Bible?
29. Quote Psalms chapter 72 verse 20.